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Hội thẩm nhân dân là gì

Luật sư Việt Nam » Tin tức » Đời sống – Xã hội » Pháp luật – Đời sống » Dọc đường tố tụng » Nghiên cứu – Trao đổi » Phân tích – Nghiên cứu » Trợ giúp pháp lý » Tư vấn
(LSO) – u0110u01b0u1ee3c bu1ea3o u0111u1ea3m bu1edfi cu00e1c nguyu00ean tu1eafc bu00ecnh u0111u1eb3ng, u0111u1ed9c lu1eadp xu00e9t xu1eed, quyu1ebft u0111u1ecbnh theo u0111a su1ed1, chiu1ebfm tu1ef7 lu1ec7 lu1edbn hu01a1n so vu1edbi thu1ea9m phu00e1n trong hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng xu00e9t xu1eed, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n giu1eef vai tru00f2 hu1ebft su1ee9c quan tru1ecdng u0111u1ed1i vu1edbi cu00e1c phu00e1n quyu1ebft cu1ee7a tu00f2a u00e1n. Bu00ean cu1ea1nh u0111u00f3, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n cu0169ng lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi thu01b0u1eddng xuyu00ean gu1eafn bu00f3 vu1edbi cu1ed9ng u0111u1ed3ng du00e2n cu01b0, nu01a1i mu00ecnh cu00f4ng tu00e1c, lu00e0m viu1ec7c, tham gia giu00e1m su00e1t hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng tu01b0 phu00e1p, gu00f3p phu1ea7n tuyu00ean truyu1ec1n phu00e1p luu1eadt vu00e0 lu00e0 cu1ea7u nu1ed1i giu1eefa tu00f2a u00e1n vu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi du00e2n. Bu00e0i viu1ebft giu1edbi thiu1ec7u nhu1eefng nu00e9t cu01a1 bu1ea3n vu1ec1 khu00e1i niu1ec7m vu00e0 nhu1eefng vu1ea5n u0111u1ec1 liu00ean quan u0111u1ebfn thu1ee7 tu1ee5c bu1ea7u, miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n theo quy u0111u1ecbnh cu1ee7a phu00e1p luu1eadt u0111u1ec3 thu1ea5y ru00f5 hu01a1n vu1ec1 vai tru00f2, vu1ecb tru00ed cu1ee7a chu1ee9c danh tu01b0 phu00e1p nu00e0y u1edf nu01b0u1edbc ta hiu1ec7n nay.nnnn
""Hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n theo quy u0111u1ecbnh hiu1ec7n nay u1edf Viu1ec7t Nam.nnnnKhu00e1i niu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nnnnnTrong lu1ecbch su1eed ngu00e0nh tu01b0 phu00e1p Viu1ec7t Nam tu1eeb 1945 u0111u1ebfn nay, thuu1eadt ngu1eef chu00ednh thu1ee9c thu01b0u1eddng u0111u01b0u1ee3c du00f9ng u0111u1ec3 chu1ec9 ngu01b0u1eddi (nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi) u0111u1ea1i diu1ec7n cho quu1ea7n chu00fang nhu00e2n du00e2n tham gia xu00e9t xu1eed hou1eb7c tham gia tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng lu00e0 u201cphu1ee5 thu1ea9mu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d .nnnnThu1ef1c chu1ea5t, u201cphu1ee5 thu1ea9mu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d lu00e0 cu00e1c tu1eeb cu00f3 nguu1ed3n gu1ed1c Hu00e1n (Trung Quu1ed1c), thu1eadm chu00ed lu00e0 cu1ee5m tu1eeb ghu00e9p, u0111u1ebfn nay u0111u00e3 u0111u01b0u1ee3c Viu1ec7t hu00f3a. Do u0111u00f3, ngay trong cuu1ed1n Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n Hu00e1n – Viu1ec7t cu1ee7a u0110u00e0o Duy Anh cu0169ng khu00f4ng u0111u01b0a ra u0111u1ecbnh nghu0129a u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d cu1ee5 thu1ec3 lu00e0 gu00ec, tuy nhiu00ean cu00f3 giu1ea3i thu00edch nghu0129a riu00eang ru1ebd cu1ee7a hai tu1eeb u201chu1ed9iu201d vu00e0 u201cthu1ea9mu201d. Theo u0111u00f3, tu1eeb u201chu1ed9iu201d cu00f3 nghu0129a lu00e0: u201chu1ecdp nhau – cu01a1 quan cu00f3 nhiu1ec1u ngu01b0u1eddi hu1ecdp u0111u1ec3 lu00e0m viu1ec7c – gu1eb7p – u00fd tu1ee9 vu00e0 su1ef1 lu00fd hu1ee3p nhau – bu1ea3n lu0129nh vu00e0 su1ef1 tu00ecnh hu1ee3p nhauu201d; tu1eeb u201cthu1ea9mu201d u0111u01b0u1ee3c hiu1ec3u lu00e0 u201cbiu1ebft ru00f5 tu00ecnh hu00ecnh – khu1ea3o xu00e9t ku1ef9 cu00e0ng – xu1eed u0111ou00e1nu201d. Cu0103n cu1ee9 vu00e0o nghu0129a cu1ee7a tu1eebng tu1eeb riu00eang ru1ebd, cu00f3 thu1ec3 hiu1ec3u u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi thu1ea5u suu1ed1t tu00ecnh lu00fd tham gia vu00e0o viu1ec7c xu1eed u00e1n.nnnnTrong khi u0111u00f3, Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n phu00e1p lu00fd (dictionnaire juridique) cu1ee7a Phu00e1p u0111u1ecbnh nghu0129a: Trong ngu00f4n ngu1eef phu00e1p lu00fd tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng, thuu1eadt ngu1eef u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d (assesseur) u0111u01b0u1ee3c su1eed du1ee5ng u0111u1ec3 chu1ec9 nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi cu00f3 thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n, thu00e0nh lu1eadp vu00e0 hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng theo thu1ec3 thu1ee9c tu1eadp thu1ec3, hu1ed7 tru1ee3 thu1ea9m phu00e1n chu1ee7 tu1ecda phiu00ean tu00f2a. Thuu1eadt ngu1eef nu00e0y cu00f2n u0111u01b0u1ee3c du00f9ng u0111u1ec3 chu1ec9 tu1ea5t cu1ea3 nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi nu00e0o tham gia vu00e0o viu1ec7c u0111u01b0a ra cu00e1c quyu1ebft u0111u1ecbnh (phu00e1n quyu1ebft), bao gu1ed3m cu1ea3 nhu1eefng thu00e0nh viu00ean khu00f4ng chuyu00ean nghu1ec1 xu00e9t xu1eed trong mu1ed9t su1ed1 thiu1ebft chu1ebf tu01b0 phu00e1p nhu01b0 tu00f2a u00e1n thu01b0u01a1ng mu1ea1i, tu00f2a u00e1n vu1ec1 nhu1eefng vu1ee5 viu1ec7c liu00ean quan u0111u1ebfn an sinh xu00e3 hu1ed9i hay tu00f2a u00e1n vu1ec1 nhu1eefng vu1ea5n u0111u1ec1 nu00f4ng thu00f4n. nnnnTu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n Larousse giu1ea3i thu00edch nguu1ed3n gu1ed1c tu1eeb u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d (assesseur) trong tiu1ebfng Phu00e1p bu1eaft nguu1ed3n tu1eeb thuu1eadt ngu1eef u201cassessoru201d cu1ee7a tiu1ebfng La tinh, cu00f3 nghu0129a lu00e0 u201cgiu00fap u0111u1ee1 hou1eb7c u0111u01b0a ra lu1eddi khuyu00eanu201d. Cu00e1c tu00e1c giu1ea3 Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n Larousse cho ru1eb1ng tu1eeb u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d (assesseur) trong tiu1ebfng Phu00e1p cu00f3 4 nghu0129a: 1) lu00e0 thu1ea9m phu00e1n giu00fap u0111u1ee1, hu1ed7 tru1ee3 chu1ee7 tu1ecda phiu00ean tu00f2a vu00e0 nghu1ecb u00e1n cu00f9ng vu1edbi u00f4ng ta; 2) lu00e0 danh tu1eeb du00f9ng u0111u1ec3 chu1ec9 thu00e0nh viu00ean cu1ee7a mu1ed9t su1ed1 thiu1ebft chu1ebf tu01b0 phu00e1p u0111u1eb7c biu1ec7t (nhu01b0 tu00f2a u00e1n vu1ec1 nhu1eefng vu1ea5n u0111u1ec1 nu00f4ng thu00f4n hay tu00f2a thu01b0u01a1ng mu1ea1i liu00ean quan u0111u1ebfn cu00e1c giao thu01b0u01a1ng tru00ean biu1ec3n) hou1eb7c thu00e0nh viu00ean cu1ee7a cu00e1c vu0103n phu00f2ng bu1ea7u cu1eed quu1ed1c gia; 3) du01b0u1edbi thu1eddi u0111u1ebf chu1ebf La mu00e3 thu1ed1ng tru1ecb, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m (assesseur) lu00e0 nhu1eefng luu1eadt gia cu1ed1 vu1ea5n cu00f3 nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 hu1ed7 tru1ee3 vu1ec1 mu1eb7t phu00e1p lu00fd cho cu00e1c thu1ea9m phu00e1n ra phu00e1n quyu1ebft; 4) trong chu1ebf u0111u1ed9 cu0169 (tru01b0u1edbc cu00e1ch mu1ea1ng 1789 u1edf Phu00e1p), hu1ed9i thu1ea9m lu00e0 nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi giu00fap u0111u1ee1 cho ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u1ee9ng u0111u1ea7u cu00e1c tu1ed5 chu1ee9c tu01b0 phu00e1p hou1eb7c lu00e0 nhu1eefng nhu00e2n viu00ean tu01b0 phu00e1p tham du1ef1 hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng xu00e9t xu1eed vu1edbi cu00e1c thu1ea9m phu00e1n trong cu00e1c phiu00ean tu00f2a hu00ecnh su1ef1. Theo Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n phu1ed5 thu00f4ng wikipedia.org tru00ean mu1ea1ng internet thu00ec u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d (assesseur) lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi ngu1ed3i bu00ean cu1ea1nh mu1ed9t ngu01b0u1eddi khu00e1c u0111u1ec3 giu00fap u0111u1ee1 ngu01b0u1eddi nu00e0y thu1ef1c hiu1ec7n chu1ee9c nu0103ng, nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 cu1ee7a hu1ecd vu00e0 bu1ed5 sung, hu1ed7 tru1ee3 hu1ecd khi thu1ea5y cu1ea7n thiu1ebft .nnnnTheo Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n tiu1ebfng Viu1ec7t (do Hou00e0ng Phu00ea chu1ee7 biu00ean) thu00ec u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d u0111u01b0u1ee3c u0111u1ecbnh nghu0129a u201cNgu01b0u1eddi do hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n bu00e2u0300u ra trong mu1ed9t thu1eddi gian nhu1ea5t u0111u1ecbnh cuu0300ng vu01a1u0301i thu1ea9m phu00e1n lu00e0m nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 xu00e9t xu1eed cu00e1c vu1ee5 u00e1n xau0309y ra u01a1u0309 u0111u1ecba phu01b0u01a1ngu201d . Vu1edbi cu00e1ch hiu1ec3u nu00e0y, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n bu1ea7u theo nhiu1ec7m ku1ef3 u0111u1ec3 cu00f9ng vu1edbi thu1ea9m phu00e1n lu00e0m nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 xu00e9t xu1eed cu00e1c vu1ee5 u00e1n thuu1ed9c thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n cu1ee7a tu00f2a u00e1n u1edf u0111u1ecba phu01b0u01a1ng. Trong khi u0111u00f3, Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n Luu1eadt hu1ecdc ghi nhu1eadn: u201cHu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n, mu1ed9t chu1ebf u0111u1ecbnh quan tru1ecdng thu1ec3 hiu1ec7n tu00ednh chu1ea5t du00e2n chu1ee7 trong hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng xu00e9t xu1eed cu1ee7a cu00e1c tu00f2a u00e1n Viu1ec7t Nam. Chu1ebf u0111u1ecbnh nu00e0y u0111u01b0u1ee3c ghi nhu1eadn trong Hiu1ebfn phu00e1p nu0103m 1946 vu00e0 tiu1ebfp tu1ee5c u0111u01b0u1ee3c khu1eb3ng u0111u1ecbnh trong cu00e1c Hiu1ebfn phu00e1p nu0103m 1959, 1980, 1992 vu00e0 u0111u01b0u1ee3c cu1ee5 thu1ec3 hu00f3a trong Bu1ed9 luu1eadt Tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng hu00ecnh su1ef1 vu00e0 trong Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh ngu00e0y 14/5/1993 vu1ec1 thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n. Hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tham gia vu00e0o hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng xu00e9t xu1eed cu1ee7a tu00f2a u00e1n lu00e0 biu1ec3u hiu1ec7n cu1ee7a viu1ec7c nhu00e2n du00e2n thu1ef1c hiu1ec7n quyu1ec1n lu1ef1c cu1ee7a mu00ecnh, tham gia tru1ef1c tiu1ebfp vu00e0o quu1ea3n lu00fd cu00f4ng viu1ec7c cu1ee7a nhu00e0 nu01b0u1edbc vu00e0 cu1ee7a xu00e3 hu1ed9iu2026.u201d .nnnnCu00f2n vu1edbi khoa hu1ecdc phu00e1p lu00fd, cu1ee5m tu1eeb u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d u0111u01b0u1ee3c thu1ec3 hiu1ec7n tu1eeb thuu1eadt ngu1eef u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d tu1ea1i khou1ea3n 2 u0110iu1ec1u 1 Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 16-L/CTN ngu00e0y 14/5/1993 cu1ee7a u1ee6y ban Thu01b0u1eddng vu1ee5 Quu1ed1c hu1ed9i vu1ec1 thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n. Theo u0111u00f3, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c bu1ea7u hou1eb7c cu1eed theo quy u0111u1ecbnh cu1ee7a phu00e1p luu1eadt u0111u1ec3 lu00e0m nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 xu00e9t xu1eed nhu1eefng vu1ee5 u00e1n thuu1ed9c thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n cu1ee7a tou00e0 u00e1nu201d. Thuu1eadt ngu1eef nu00e0y tiu1ebfp tu1ee5c u0111u01b0u1ee3c quy u0111u1ecbnh tu1ea1i Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 02/2002/PL-UBTVQH 11 ngu00e0y 04/10/2002 cu1ee7a u1ee6y ban Thu01b0u1eddng vu1ee5 Quu1ed1c hu1ed9i vu1ec1 thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n. Cu1ee5 thu1ec3, khou1ea3n 2 u0110iu1ec1u 5 Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh nu00e0y ghi: u201cCu00f4ng du00e2n Viu1ec7t Nam trung thu00e0nh vu1edbi Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c vu00e0 Hiu1ebfn phu00e1p nu01b0u1edbc CHXHCN Viu1ec7t Nam, cu00f3 phu1ea9m chu1ea5t u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9c tu1ed1t, liu00eam khiu1ebft vu00e0 trung thu1ef1c, cu00f3 kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c phu00e1p lu00fd, cu00f3 tinh thu1ea7n kiu00ean quyu1ebft bu1ea3o vu1ec7 lu1ee3i u00edch cu1ee7a Nhu00e0 nu01b0u1edbc, quyu1ec1n vu00e0 lu1ee3i u00edch hu1ee3p phu00e1p cu1ee7a cu00f4ng du00e2n, cu00f3 su1ee9c khu1ecfe u0111u1ec3 bu1ea3o u0111u1ea3m hou00e0n thu00e0nh nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 u0111u01b0u1ee3c giao thu00ec cu00f3 thu1ec3 u0111u01b0u1ee3c bu1ea7u hou1eb7c cu1eed lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d.nnnnBu00ean cu1ea1nh u0111u00f3, khou1ea3n 3 u0110iu1ec1u 2 Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1eeda u0111u1ed5i, bu1ed5 sung mu1ed9t su1ed1 u0111iu1ec1u Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh vu1ec1 thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu1ee7a tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n (Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 14/2011/UBTVQH12, ngu00e0y 19/02/2011 cu1ee7a u1ee6y ban Thu01b0u1eddng vu1ee5 Quu1ed1c hu1ed9i) quy u0111u1ecbnh: u201cHu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n u1edf nu01b0u1edbc CHXHCN Viu1ec7t Nam gu1ed3m cu00f3: a) hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n (gu1ecdi chung lu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n); b) hu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n quu00e2n su1ef1 quu00e2n khu vu00e0 tu01b0u01a1ng u0111u01b0u01a1ng, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n quu00e2n su1ef1 khu vu1ef1c (gu1ecdi chung lu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2n)u201d. So vu1edbi Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 16-L/CTN, Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 02/2002/PL-UBTVQH11 vu00e0 Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh su1ed1 14/2011/UBTVQH12, ngu00e0y 19/02/2011 cu1ee7a u1ee6y ban Thu01b0u1eddng vu1ee5 Quu1ed1c hu1ed9i, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d u0111u00e3 u0111u01b0u1ee3c nu00eau cu1ee5 thu1ec3, ru00f5 ru00e0ng, u0111u1ea7y u0111u1ee7 hu01a1n, u0111u00f3 lu00e0 u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d vu00e0 u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n quu00e2n su1ef1u201d.

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u0110u1eb7c biu1ec7t, so vu1edbi tru01b0u1edbc u0111u00e2y, Hiu1ebfn phu00e1p nu0103m 2013 vu00e0 cu00e1c vu0103n bu1ea3n phu00e1p lu00fd mu1edbi u0111u00e2y, bu00ean cu1ea1nh viu1ec7c quy u0111u1ecbnh cu1ee5 thu1ec3, ru00f5 hu01a1n vu1ec1 vai tru00f2, vu1ecb tru00ed cu1ee7a tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n, cu00f2n xu00e1c u0111u1ecbnh hu1ed9i thu1ea9m lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi tham gia tiu1ebfn hu00e0nh hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng, thay vu00ec chu1ec9 tham gia xu00e9t xu1eed nhu01b0 tru01b0u1edbc u0111u00e2y.nnnnTu1eeb u0111u00f3, cu00f3 thu1ec3 u0111u1ecbnh nghu0129a nhu01b0 sau: Hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n lu00e0 cu00f4ng du00e2n Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f3 su1ee9c khu1ecfe, uy tu00edn, cu00f3 kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c vu1ec1 phu00e1p luu1eadt vu00e0 hiu1ec3u biu1ebft xu00e3 hu1ed9i, u0111u01b0u01a1u0323c bu1ea7u ra u0111u00eau0309 tham gia tiu1ebfn hu00e0nh hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng nhu1eefng vu1ee5 u00e1n thuu1ed9c thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n cuu0309a tu00f2a u00e1n theo quy u0111u1ecbnh cu1ee7a phu00e1p luu1eadt.nnnnu0110iu1ec1u kiu1ec7n, thu1ee7 tu1ee5c bu1ea7u, miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nnnnnNgu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c lu1ef1a chu1ecdn u0111u1ec3 bu1ea7u lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n hiu1ec7n nay u0111u01b0u1ee3c quy u0111u1ecbnh tu1ea1i Phu00e1p lu1ec7nh vu1ec1 thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n nu0103m 2002 vu00e0 Luu1eadt Tu1ed5 chu1ee9c tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n nu0103m 2014. Cu1ee5 thu1ec3: u201c1. Lu00e0 cu00f4ng du00e2n Viu1ec7t Nam, trung thu00e0nh vu1edbi Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c vu00e0 Hiu1ebfn phu00e1p nu01b0u1edbc CHXHCN Viu1ec7t Nam, cu00f3 phu1ea9m chu1ea5t u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9c tu1ed1t, cu00f3 bu1ea3n lu0129nh chu00ednh tru1ecb vu1eefng vu00e0ng, cu00f3 uy tu00edn trong cu1ed9ng u0111u1ed3ng du00e2n cu01b0, cu00f3 tinh thu1ea7n du0169ng cu1ea3m vu00e0 kiu00ean quyu1ebft bu1ea3o vu1ec7 cu00f4ng lu00fd, liu00eam khiu1ebft vu00e0 trung thu1ef1c; 2. Cu00f3 kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c phu00e1p luu1eadt; 3. Cu00f3 hiu1ec3u biu1ebft xu00e3 hu1ed9i; 4. Cu00f3 su1ee9c khu1ecfe bu1ea3o u0111u1ea3m hou00e0n thu00e0nh nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 u0111u01b0u1ee3c giaou201d.nnnnu0110iu1ec1u 86 Luu1eadt Tu1ed5 chu1ee9c tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n nu0103m 2014 cu0169ng quy u0111u1ecbnh: tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh, tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n vu00e0 tu01b0u01a1ng u0111u01b0u01a1ng u0111u1ec1 xuu1ea5t nhu cu1ea7u vu1ec1 su1ed1 lu01b0u1ee3ng, cu01a1 cu1ea5u thu00e0nh phu1ea7n hu1ed9i thu1ea9m u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f9ng cu1ea5p lu1ef1a chu1ecdn vu00e0 giu1edbi thiu1ec7u ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u1ee7 tiu00eau chuu1ea9n theo quy u0111u1ecbnh u0111u1ec3 hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu00f3 thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n theo luu1eadt u0111u1ecbnh bu1ea7u hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n. Nhiu1ec7m ku1ef3 cu1ee7a hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n theo nhiu1ec7m ku1ef3 cu1ee7a hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu00f9ng cu1ea5p (5 nu0103m) vu00e0 khi hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n hu1ebft nhiu1ec7m ku1ef3, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tiu1ebfp tu1ee5c lu00e0m nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 u0111u1ebfn khi hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n khu00f3a mu1edbi bu1ea7u u0111u01b0u1ee3c hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n mu1edbi. Bu00ean cu1ea1nh u0111u00f3, Thu00f4ng tu01b0 liu00ean tu1ecbch su1ed1 01/2004/TTLT/TANDTC-UBTWMTTQVN ngu00e0y 01/3/2004 cu1ee7a Tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n tu1ed1i cao vu00e0 u1ee6y ban Trung u01b0u01a1ng Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam hu01b0u1edbng du1eabn viu1ec7c chuu1ea9n bu1ecb nhu00e2n su1ef1 vu00e0 giu1edbi thiu1ec7u bu1ea7u hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n, ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c chu1ecdn u0111u1ec3 bu1ea7u lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu00f2n phu1ea3i lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi chu01b0a bao giu1edd bu1ecb ku1ebft u00e1n; ngu01b0u1eddi u0111ang cu00f4ng tu00e1c tu1ea1i cu00e1c cu01a1 quan tu00f2a u00e1n, viu1ec7n kiu1ec3m su00e1t, cu01a1 quan u0111iu1ec1u tra, thi hu00e0nh u00e1n, luu1eadt su01b0 (ku1ec3 cu1ea3 nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi u0111ang lu00e0m viu1ec7c tu1ea1i cu00e1c tu1ed5 chu1ee9c hu00e0nh nghu1ec1 luu1eadt su01b0, tu01b0 vu1ea5n phu00e1p lu00fd). Cu00f9ng vu1edbi cu00f3 su1ee9c khu1ecfe u0111u1ec3 bu1ea3o u0111u1ea3m hou00e0n thu00e0nh nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5, ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c lu1ef1a chu1ecdn giu1edbi thiu1ec7u lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu00f2n phu1ea3i lu00e0 ngu01b0u1eddi khu00f4ng cu00f3 du1ecb tu1eadt, du1ecb hu00ecnh u1ea3nh hu01b0u1edfng u0111u1ebfn viu1ec7c thu1ef1c hiu1ec7n nhiu1ec7m vu1ee5 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m; tuu1ed5i cu1ee7a hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nam khu00f4ng quu00e1 70, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nu1eef khu00f4ng quu00e1 65; chu00fa u00fd lu1ef1a chu1ecdn ngu01b0u1eddi thuu1ed9c cu00e1c tu1ed5 chu1ee9c xu00e3 hu1ed9i, u0111ou00e0n thu1ec3,u2026nnnnNgou00e0i ra, khou1ea3n 2 u0110iu1ec1u 4 Quy chu1ebf tu1ed5 chu1ee9c vu00e0 hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng cu1ee7a u0111ou00e0n hu1ed9i thu1ea9m quy u0111u1ecbnh: u201cTu1ea1i tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh, cu1ee9 02 thu1ea9m phu00e1n thu00ec cu00f3 03 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m, nhu01b0ng tu1ed5ng su1ed1 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu1ea1i mu1ed9t tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh khu00f4ng du01b0u1edbi 20 ngu01b0u1eddi vu00e0 tu1ed1i u0111a khu00f4ng quu00e1 100 ngu01b0u1eddi; tu1ea1i tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n, cu1ee9 01 thu1ea9m phu00e1n thu00ec cu00f3 02 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m, nhu01b0ng tu1ed5ng su1ed1 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu1ea1i mu1ed9t tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n khu00f4ng du01b0u1edbi 15 ngu01b0u1eddi vu00e0 tu1ed1i u0111a khu00f4ng quu00e1 50 ngu01b0u1eddi, tru1eeb tru01b0u1eddng hu1ee3p u0111u1eb7c biu1ec7t cu00f3 thu1ec3 cu00f3 du01b0u1edbi 15 ngu01b0u1eddiu201d.nnnnNhu01b0 vu1eady, nhu1eefng ngu01b0u1eddi u0111u01b0u1ee3c bu1ea7u lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n khu00f4ng chu1ec9 phu1ea3i u0111u00e1p u1ee9ng cu00e1c yu00eau cu1ea7u vu1ec1 phu1ea9m chu1ea5t u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9c, su1ee9c khu1ecfe, cu00e1c u0111iu1ec1u kiu1ec7n vu1ec1 kiu1ebfn thu1ee9c xu00e3 hu1ed9i, hiu1ec3u biu1ebft xu00e3 hu1ed9i, mu00e0 cu00f2n phu1ea3i thu1ecfa mu00e3n vu1ec1 u0111u1ed9 tuu1ed5i, ngou1ea1i hu00ecnh, thu00e0nh phu1ea7n cu01a1 cu1ea5u, phu00f9 hu1ee3p vu1edbi su1ed1 lu01b0u1ee3ng thu1ea9m phu00e1n vu00e0 tu00ecnh hu00ecnh thu1ef1c tu1ebf cu1ee7a mu1ed7i cu1ea5p tu00f2a u00e1n u0111u1ecba phu01b0u01a1ng. Thu1ee7 tu1ee5c bu1ea7u hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n phu1ea3i tru1ea3i qua mu1ed9t tru00ecnh tu1ef1 chu1eb7t chu1ebd, u0111u00f3 lu00e0 tru00ean cu01a1 su1edf nhu cu1ea7u thu1ef1c tu1ebf, chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n hou1eb7c cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb vu1edbi u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f9ng cu1ea5p, u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam su1ebd lu1ef1a chu1ecdn vu00e0 giu1edbi thiu1ec7u u0111u1ec3 hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu00f3 thu1ea9m quyu1ec1n bu1ea7u ra cu00e1c hu1ed9i thu1ea9m theo quy luu1eadt.nnnnViu1ec7c miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m u0111u1ed1i vu1edbi hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n u0111u01b0u1ee3c quy u0111u1ecbnh tu1ea1i u0110iu1ec1u 86 Luu1eadt Tu1ed5 chu1ee9c tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n nu0103m 2014. Cu1ee5 thu1ec3, chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n sau khi thu1ed1ng nhu1ea5t vu1edbi u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f9ng cu1ea5p u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n. Cu00f9ng vu1edbi u0111u00f3, u0110iu1ec1u 90 cu1ee7a Luu1eadt nu00e0y quy u0111u1ecbnh: hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu00f3 thu1ec3 u0111u01b0u1ee3c miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m vu00ec lu00fd do su1ee9c khu1ecfe hou1eb7c lu00fd do chu00ednh u0111u00e1ng khu00e1c; hu1ed9i thu1ea9m bu1ecb bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m khi cu00f3 vi phu1ea1m vu1ec1 phu1ea9m chu1ea5t u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9c hou1eb7c cu00f3 hu00e0nh vi vi phu1ea1m phu00e1p luu1eadt khu00f4ng cu00f2n xu1ee9ng u0111u00e1ng lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m.nnnnNgou00e0i ra, viu1ec7c giu1edbi thiu1ec7u bu1ea7u, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m, miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu00f2n u0111u01b0u1ee3c Tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n tu1ed1i cao quy u0111u1ecbnh tu1ea1i Thu00f4ng tu01b0 su1ed1 03/2009/TT-TANDTC ngu00e0y 05/3/2009 hu01b0u1edbng du1eabn viu1ec7c giu1edbi thiu1ec7u bu1ea7u vu00e0 u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n huyu1ec7n, quu1eadn nu01a1i khu00f4ng tu1ed5 chu1ee9c hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n. Theo u0111u00f3, u0111u1ed1i vu1edbi nhu1eefng nu01a1i khu00f4ng tu1ed5 chu1ee9c hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n, viu1ec7c bu1ea7u, u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m, bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n vu1eabn du1ef1a tru00ean cu01a1 su1edf u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb cu1ee7a chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n vu00e0 sau khi thu1ed1ng nhu1ea5t vu1edbi u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f9ng cu1ea5p su1ebd bu00e1o cu00e1o chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh. Chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh su1ebd trao u0111u1ed5i vu1edbi Ban thu01b0u1eddng tru1ef1c u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam u0111u1ec3 hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh tiu1ebfn hu00e0nh thu1ee7 tu1ee5c bu1ea7u hou1eb7c bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m, miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m.nnnnTheo u0111u00f3, hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n su1ebd u0111u01b0u1ee3c miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m khi khu00f4ng bu1ea3o u0111u1ea3m vu1ec1 su1ee9c khu1ecfe hay vu00ec lu00fd do chu00ednh u0111u00e1ng khu00e1c mu00e0 khu00f4ng cu00f3 thu1ec3 u0111u1ea3m nhiu1ec7m u0111u01b0u1ee3c vai tru00f2 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m. Viu1ec7c bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m diu1ec5n ra khi hu1ed9i thu1ea9m cu00f3 vi phu1ea1m vu1ec1 u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9c hou1eb7c vi phu1ea1m phu00e1p luu1eadt u0111u1ebfn mu1ee9c khu00f4ng cu00f2n xu1ee9ng u0111u00e1ng lu00e0m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m. Mu1eb7c du00f9 u0111u1ebfn nay, viu1ec7c xu00e1c u0111u1ecbnh u201cvi phu1ea1m phu1ea9m chu1ea5t u0111u1ea1o u0111u1ee9cu201d, u201clu00fd do chu00ednh u0111u00e1ngu201d hay u201cvi phu1ea1m phu00e1p luu1eadt khu00f4ng cu00f2n xu1ee9ng u0111u00e1ngu201d vu1eabn chu01b0a u0111u01b0u1ee3c lu00e0m ru00f5, nhu01b0ng cu00f3 thu1ec3 nhu1eadn thu1ea5y viu1ec7c miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m chu1ee7 yu1ebfu lu00e0 do u0111u1ec1 nghu1ecb cu1ee7a chu00ednh hu1ed9i thu1ea9m, cu00f2n viu1ec7c bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m u0111u01b0u1ee3c xem lu00e0 biu1ec7n phu00e1p chu1ebf tu00e0i do cu00e1c cu01a1 quan quu1ea3n lu00fd tiu1ebfn hu00e0nh, nhu01b0ng thu1ee7 tu1ee5c miu1ec5n nhiu1ec7m hay bu00e3i nhiu1ec7m u0111u1ec1u phu1ea3i u0111u01b0u1ee3c tiu1ebfn hu00e0nh sau khi chu00e1nh u00e1n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2n thu1ed1ng nhu1ea5t vu1edbi u1ee6y ban Mu1eb7t tru1eadn Tu1ed5 quu1ed1c Viu1ec7t Nam cu00f9ng cu1ea5p vu00e0 phu1ea3i u0111u01b0u1ee3c hu1ed9i u0111u1ed3ng nhu00e2n du00e2n cu1ea5p quan hu1ec7 tu01b0u01a1ng u0111u01b0u01a1ng (cu1ea5p huyu1ec7n hou1eb7c cu1ea5p tu1ec9nh) quyu1ebft u0111u1ecbnh.nnnn Phu1ee5 thu1ea9mu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d cu00f2n cu00f3 nhu1eefng cu00e1ch gu1ecdi cu1ee5 thu1ec3 khu00e1c tu00f9y theo hou00e0n cu1ea3nh, cu00e1ch thu1ee9c tu1ed5 chu1ee9c, hou1ea1t u0111u1ed9ng vu00e0 do cu00e1c vu0103n bu1ea3n nu00eau ra,u2026 nhu01b0: u201cphu1ee5 thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tu00f2a u00e1n nhu00e2n du00e2nu201d, u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2nu201d,u2026 Trong phu1ea1m vi nu1ed9i dung bu00e0i viu1ebft nu00e0y chu1ec9 u0111u1ec1 cu1eadp chu1ee7 yu1ebfu u0111u1ebfn u0111u1ed1i tu01b0u1ee3ng lu00e0 hu1ed9i thu1ea9m nhu00e2n du00e2n tham gia xu00e9t xu1eed hou1eb7c tham gia tu1ed1 tung hu00ecnh su1ef1 (khu00f4ng bao gu1ed3m hu1ed9i thu1ea9m quu00e2n nhu00e2n). Trong u0111u00f3, u201cphu1ee5 thu1ea9mu201d vu00e0 u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d u0111u01b0u1ee3c xem nhu01b0 cu00f3 u00fd nghu0129a vu00e0 nu1ed9i dung quy u0111u1ecbnh tu01b0u01a1ng u0111u1ed1i giu1ed1ng nhau vu00e0 u201cphu1ee5 thu1ea9mu201d tu1ed3n tu1ea1i tu1eeb nu0103m 1945 u0111u1ebfn nu0103m 1950, cu00f2n lu1ea1i u0111u1ec1u u0111u01b0u1ee3c gu1ecdi lu00e0 u201chu1ed9i thu1ea9mu201d. Tru1ea7n Thu1ecb Kim Cu00fac (2015), u0110u1ecba vu1ecb phu00e1p lu00fd cu1ee7a hu1ed9i thu1ea9m trong tu1ed1 tu1ee5ng hu00ecnh su1ef1, Khoa Luu1eadt tru01b0u1eddng u0110u1ea1i hu1ecdc quu1ed1c gia Hu00e0 Nu1ed9i, Luu1eadn vu0103n thu1ea1c su0129.

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Hou00e0ng Phu00ea (chu1ee7 biu00ean), Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n tiu1ebfng Viu1ec7t, NXB u0110u00e0 Nu1eb5ng, Trung tu00e2m Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n, Hu00e0 Nu1ed9i 2011, tr 593. Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n luu1eadt hu1ecdc, NXB Tu1eeb u0111iu1ec3n bu00e1ch khoa, tr, 229-230.nnnnTHu1ea0C Su0128. LUu1eacT Su01af LIu00caU CHu00cd TRUNGnnnn

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